Kibera is the largest urban slum in Africa. The Government owns all of the land and only 10% of residents are shack owners. These owners let out their inventory of shacks to tenants, thus making the remaining 90% of residents tenants with no rights. The average size of a shack in this area is 12ft x 12ft built with mud walls, a corrugated tin roof with a dirt or concrete floor. These shacks often house up to 8 or more with many sleeping on the floor.
The unemployment rate of Kibera residents is ~50%, and even for residents that are employed, the average salary is less than $1 per day.
The majority of Kibera is not serviced by toilet facilities. One latrine (hole in the ground) is shared by up to 50 shacks. Once full, young boys are employed to empty the latrine and they take the contents to the river. Unsurprisingly, this practice has made the river water unclean to drink and the biggest cause of typhoid and cholera in the region.
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